Porlezza

Porlezza

  27 March 2017

The territory of the municipality of Porlezza is located at the Swiss border, the nerve center of transit between Lugano and the center of Lake Como. It is composed of five villages: Porlezza, Cima, Begna, Tavordo, Agria.

The “porlezzese” was inhabited since ancient times. Proof of this are the two hoards of Gallic coins found in Cima and the roman tombs with grave goods of pottery and terracotta.

With the spread of Christianity, it became “Capo Pieve” including Osteno, Carlazzo, Val Rezzo, Val Cavargna. With Valsolda, Porlezza was included in the diocese of Milan.
During the “ten-year war” between Como and Milan, Porlezza was part of Milan.
The Milanese, setting up a naval base armed with shipyards for the construction and maintenance of naval vessels.
To this period belong the fortifications of the village still legible in its city plan.

The Porlezza town is full of great architectural value.
The parish church of San Vittore had baroque style with a nineteenth century facade and the interior is rich of frescoes and stucco decorations.
The Oratory of Santa Marta is full of stucco and frescoes of the eighteenth century.
The oratory of Our Lady of Miracles is octagonal with paintings by Giulio Quaglio and Pietro Antonio Pozzi.
The Oratory of San Rocco is perched on the slopes of Mount Colmen built to vote during a cholera epidemic.
The Romanesque chapel of St. Maurice at the foot of Mount Galbiga was unearthed after being buried by a landslide.

Porlezza originate famous families of the sixteenth century artists….
The Door: Gian Giacomo Della Porta worked as a sculptor and architect of the Duomo of Milan and the Certosa di Pavia; Giacomo Della Porta was called to turn Domenico Fontana with the dome of St. Peter on the drawing by Michelangelo.
The Sanmichele: known military engineers who built fortresses in Piemonte, the Papal States and Dalmazia.

The ancient land of Porlezza economy was primarily agricultural.
In the eighteenth century it developed the silk industry and were active two glassworks.
Since 1885, for about 50 years Porlezza was the terminus of the narrow gauge railway Menaggio-Porlezza carrying passengers, tourists and workers, but also the wood of Mount Galbiga and ice of the lake of the Plan to the hotels of Tremezzina.

This territory, thanks to the proximity of Switzerland and the natural attractions of the surrounding environment, in recent years has had a significant tourist and economic development.